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5 Important Facts That You Should Know About Berlin, Germany

If you’re planning to go on a European tour and Germany is one of your stops, now is as good a time as any to brush up on your basic knowledge of Berlin facts! For most tourists who often travel to different parts of the world, one of the best parts of the trip is learning about the past events which contributed to what made a place what it is today –and Berlin is definitely a city which is rich in history.

A Crash Course on Some Random Berlin Facts that You Should Know about

Now, your visit to Berlin will not be complete without learning about some random Berlin facts which are useful whether it’s your first, second or third time to visit. Take a look at the following collection of some random facts about the vibrant German city which is Berlin:

  • Berlin is the capital city which is among the 16 states that make up Germany.
  • It was during the Second World War that the city was divided into East and West Berlin.
  • In 1961, the infamous Berlin Wall was created to keep away the people from East Germany to flee to the western part of the country –which was a better, richer option during those days.
  • Germany was reunited again in 1990 and nine years later, Berlin was again declared as the capital of the country.

More Travel-Related Berlin Facts

Had enough of Berlin’s history yet? If you haven’t, then go ahead and visit one of the many museums which are scattered within the length and breadth of the city. And to help you out in your travel, here are more travel-related facts about the city of Berlin.

First, the best time of the year to visit is during one of the long and sunny summers which last from June to August. This is a great season to soak in some sunshine while lounging by an outdoor café, park or garden.

Second, the best types of people who can enjoy a long-winded holiday in Berlin are fun-loving travelers. There’s a lot of culture, food, drinks and sights to soak in – and you’ll have more than your fill of the Berlin nightlife.

Finally, those who would like to have a glimpse of the arts and culture that Berlin and Germany in general has to offer, you can take your pick from the many galleries, museums and theaters. There’s the spectacular Berliner Philharmonie concert hall for the music lovers where you can also view some amazing European paintings dating back from the 13th to the 18th centuries.

Explore Berlin

Why explore Berlin? Berlin is one of the most exciting cities in Europe. It lives up to its reputation as an exhilarating, dynamic tourism hub, first because of the city’s art and culture scene, which is now much more alive than before. But the same goes for its shopping and dining scene, without mentioning the city’s crazy nightlife, considered as wild and one of Europe’s most electrifying. And since the government of Germany transferred here from Bonn, the city has been rallying to become the country’s and also Europe’s reborn capital.

The best ways to get prepare for the trip

Once arrived in Berlin, you’ll probably depend on the different means of transport because of its sheer size. Limit your exploration to two or three (if your time permits) neighborhoods a day. We also suggest you to buy a good map of the city, which you can buy at news kiosks or bookstores.
Get the ones that offer comprehensive indexes and full-color detail and make sure that you buy up-to-date maps that show the recent changes.

For more information on how to explore Berlin, go to the central rail station (Berlin Hauptbahnhof) which is open every day from 8 in the morning to 10 in the evening. You can also go to the tourist office at Neues Kranzler Eck , located along the popular shopping boulevard, Kurfürstendamm; this center is open from Monday to Saturday from 10 in the morning to 8 in the evening, and on Sundays from 10 in the morning to 6 in the evening.


800 years. That’s how long the history of Berlin has spanned. The capital city of Germany is a metropolis which melds hints of the past while providing glimpses of the future.

History of Berlin: Key Dates in the City’s Past

Here you can read some of the key dates of the city’s past which are worth recalling:
The 1300s

– During this century a couple of neighboring towns involved in trading, Berlin, and Coelln, joined forces to form a district called Mitte.

– Prussian “Soldier King” Frederick William I developed the city and made Berlin the capital.

– During this year there was a Napoleonic occupation of Berlin. This led to the creation of a powerful liberal reform movement.

– William the first became the emperor of the Second German Reich and Berlin its capital.

– After World War I, Berlin became a center for arts and entertainment. It has also established itself as a force to reckon with in industrial manufacturing. During the Nazi era, Berlin remained the capital of Germany.

A Glimpse of Berlin’s Dark History

The period after World War I was the ‘highlight’ of Berlin’s dark history. Under the Nazi rule, more than 60,000 Berlin Jews died during the Holocaust.  This comprised nearly half of the city’s population back then.  Aside from those who died, thousands of others fled from the Country.

After World War II, Berlin emerged as being a city comprised of no more than a rubble with only half of the population left. Some people still remember how the Potsdam Agreement divided the city into four parts. The Allies (the United States, Britain, France and USSR) ruled each one of them.

In 1961, they built the Berlin Wall to prevent East Berliners from fleeing to the western part of the city.
Finally, in 1989, the fall of the Berlin Wall occurred. Anyway, the city that the current generation of Berliners know today is still a work in progress.


Going to Berlin is quite exciting. You would observe the striking differences between the old and the modern structure as you traverse from the east to the west of the city. What was once plagued by the stigma of the Nazi Era is certainly now a city worth visiting.

As with any city you visit the interesting parts of the Berlin geography is closely linked to its history. What you see now is the regeneration of a city that rose to the occasion of renewal along with the destruction of the Berlin Wall.

A Little about Berlin

Berlin is the country’s largest city. And so you should expect the variety of landscapes and establishments within. Since part of the Berlin geography and history is the previous division of east from the west, all the more that you will see variety and yet exciting must see places and tourists spots during your visit.

It was after the fall of the Berlin Wall that Berlin started changing and rebuilding. You’d certainly enjoy the architecture of the city. You would even enjoy more what is inside the buildings and more so the happenings during the day and at night as well.

Berlin Today

Today Berlin is known to be a city with a bustling nightlife. You would observe that it has become a typical European city, full of cafes and bars. Apart from that you would never miss the many art museums, palaces and other spots of historical significance. All of these are part of the Berlin geography today.

So when you visit Berlin you get to have your dose of history. But you would also enjoy the various activities and the numerous clubs you can visit. Of course, you should not forget the great restaurants that are scattered all over Berlin ready to serve you at any time of day or night.

Berlin Geography Explained

Well, Berlin geography is quite interesting because of its size. It is a city where you would certainly have tons of places to visit because it has around 23 districts in the city. Imagine having to visit more than one downtown area. This would certainly make your vacation so exciting. And what’s, even more, is the distinct culture and style you would experience in every district you visit.

With such a fascinating history and such an interesting Berlin geography, it’s not a wonder why Berlin is one of the most visited cities in Europe. Visiting Berlin is surely a vacation you will remember always.

The People

When visiting any place in the world, one of the best parts of your traveling experience is having the opportunity to mingle with the locals.  Let’s say that you’re traveling to Ireland. Your visit there will never be complete without grabbing the chance to have a drink in an Irish pub while mixing with the locals.

This is the reason why it’s good practice to at least get the basic information about the temperament, culture, and common practices of the people at the place that you’re traveling to.
Take a look at the following crash course on all the basics that you need to know about the people of Berlin when you’re paying this vibrant city a visit.

An Introduction to the People of Berlin

Although it’s difficult to generalize the characteristics of the people from Berlin, it can easily be portrayed by the motto that they have for describing their land, which is “das Land der Dichter und Denker”.  This translates to Germany being the land of poets and thinkers.

Generally, the German people are orderly, efficient, clean, industrious, warm, and friendly. There’s one particular region in Germany which seem to have their own set of values and way of life – and this is Bavaria. The differences include their stand on religion, the importance that food and drinks play in their culture, and their languages and dialects.

Now, when it comes to the people of Berlin, the mere fact that it is the capital city and has one of the largest populations in Germany makes it a melting pot of sorts. As such, you will find a pleasant mix of different cultures and personalities when you pay this amazing city a visit.

Making that Initial Contact

To make that initial contact with Berlin people, all you need to do is utter a simple “Wie geht’s” or “How are you?” The people from Berlin are not afraid to voice out their opinions – so be prepared to encounter a flurry of excited German enunciation when you ask them where the best sausage in the city can be eaten.

Familiarizing Yourself with the Interests of the People of Berlin

When exploring the different parts of Berlin, you can indulge in the same activities that Berlin people consider to be their pastimes: treating yourself to a sumptuous, leisurely meal at a famous local restaurant, taking in the wonderful sights, having a taste of the country’s art and culture – and partying until dawn.

One other motto of Berliners which depicts the way that they live is “Jeder nach seiner Façon” – which roughly translates to “Live and let live”. So no matter what sort of lifestyle it is that you’re living or interests it is that you have – Berlin is just the place to be whoever you want to be!

German Government

If you plan to visit Berlin or any part of Germany, it would be good to at least have an idea about the basic workings of their government. Part of your quest as a traveler is to learn how different cultures around the world works, and visiting a new country is the perfect opportunity to do just that.

Quick Facts about the Germany Government

First, take a look at the following list of some quick facts about the Germany government:
– The type of government that Germany has is called a federal republic. The official or conventional long form of the country’s name is the Federal Republic of Germany.

– As you may already know, the capital of Germany is Berlin which is included as one of the 16 states. Berlin is also the city which has the largest area and one of the largest populations.

– The following are the administrative divisions or the 16 states or Laender which comprise the country of Germany, as well as the governmental system:
1. Baden-Wuerttemberg
2. Bayern (Bavaria)
3. Berlin
4. Brandenburg
5. Bremen
6. Hamburg
7. Hessen
8. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
9. Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony)
10. Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia)
11. Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate)
12. Saarland
13. Sachsen (Saxony)
14. Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt)
15. Schleswig-Holstein
16. Thueringen (Thuringia)

The Independence & Constitution of the Germany Government
It was on January 18, 1871 that the German Empire was unified.  Prior to that, Germany was divided into four zones of occupation which includes the Allies comprising the United States, the United Kingdom, USSR and France.

In October 7, 1449 the German Democratic Republic of East Germany
 was proclaimed and it included the former zone of the USSR.  The unification of West and East Germany took place on October 3, 1990 and the Allies relinquished their rights on March 15, 1991.
Finally, the Basic Law was turned into the constitution of a now-united Germany and this occurred on May 23, 1949.

The Key People & Branches Comprising the Germany Government
As a federal republic, the government of Germany comprises of the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. There are also political parties and leaders which play an important role in the government.

The executive branch is composed of the chief of state, the head of government and the cabinet members. Finally, the judicial branch is made up of the Federal Constitutional Court where half of the judges are elected by the Bundestag and the other half by the Bundesrat.

Today, the 16 states which make up the country of Germany has its own legislature, constitution and government which can pass laws on all matters except for defense, finance and foreign affairs – the rights of which belong to the federal government.


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