Because Copenhagen has a humid continental climate, it makes an ideal travel destination all-year-round, however, those who want the best of the city should be in the Danish capital from May through September as there are many attractions and landmarks open for everybody to see during this time. Summers in Copenhagen are characterized for being warm but not necessarily hot; winters are frosty and can hover above or below zero; while spring and autumn are characterized with pleasant weather.
Summers take place from the month of June through August. During this time, the whole city comes to life and events and festivals line up month after month – giving you the fullest experience in the city. Among the festivals to look forward to in Copenhagen during summer are the Roskilde Music Festival, Distortion, Copenhagen Opera Festival, Copenhagen Cooking, Cultural Harbour, Fashion Week, and the Copenhagen Summer Dance.
It is great to do a lot of outdoor sightseeing and activities during this time. Although many tourists do come to the city in summer, the price do not skyrocket but it’s still best to do advanced bookings to save you from inconvenience.
If you are keen to go to the beautiful beaches in Copenhagen, this is also the best time to be in the city as you can don on your best bikinis and enjoy the warm weather. You can also head to the beach parties as there are plenty during this time.
So whether it is just a weekend in Copenhagen or a holiday in the city, it’s still good to know when it is best to visit the Danish Capital to get you prepared with your itinerary as well as with the clothes you’d need to fill your suitcase with.
It’s not just the top attractions in Copenhagen that make it an interesting place to visit, its people too! For 30 straight years, many scientific researchers and surveys have concluded that the Danes, over a million of them in Copenhagen, are consistently happier than most people in the world. Aside from their stable economy, here are a few more reasons attributed to the people in Copenhagen’s ‘happiness’:
“Green” People. The Danes in Copenhagen are known to be very conscious with the environment. Many, if not most, of the people in Copenhagen ride their bikes around the city, those with grocery bags or with little children in tow. They also hold the world record for consuming organic food; their hotel rooms are also known to be eco-certified.
Brainy Danes. Not just in Copenhagen, but most of the people in Denmark have had high education as the country makes it a compulsory to make schooling and universities FREE. In Copenhagen alone, 10 universities are situated to offer everyone in the capital quality education. In the world, the Danes are among the most highly educated people.
English speakers. Although the people in Copenhagen speak Danish as their native language, many of the people in the city can pretty speak English as well. In fact, the European Commission has also named the Danes as the “best non-native English speakers in the world”. Aside from English, many of the Danes can also speak Spanish, French, German, and other languages. This may still have to do with the people’s being highly educated.
Government’s Support. Unemployment and poverty may be common in most countries over the world, but it is quite rare in Copenhagen. If you lose your job in the city, the government continues to pay as much as 90 percent of the money you earn from your previous job for four years. And in case they get sick, the healthcare is also free!
Happy women. In Denmark in general, the women are usually given six to twelve months of paid maternity leave. They also do not feel any pressure to get married. Some of them may be over 40 years old already and are happy being single.
With all these reasons, would you still question why the city is home to the world’s happiest people?
Talking about the history of Copenhagen would also encompass the history of Denmark as the country’s history is also that of the city and vice versa.
Copenhagen was founded by Bishop Absalon – King Valdemar I‘s counsellor during that time – in 1167. The King gave him the task to build a city on Zealand’s east coast in order to protect Sound. Absalon was also the archbishop of Roskilde, which used to be the capital of Denmark.
Between 1160 and 1167, Bishop Absalon built a little fortress in “Slotsholmen” isle in order to protect the new city he built. This act became the first step to making Copenhagen the capital of Denmark. When the 12th century came, the city was already rapidly growing thanks to its good position near the harbour. From being a simple small fishing village, Copenhagen was then chartered as a city by Bishop Jakob Erlandsen in 1254.
The first royalty to be crowned in Copenhagen was King Christian I in 1449. He also founded the Copenhagen University in 1479, which was also Denmark’s first university.
In 1536, the Protestant Reformation reached the country and the city. This led to Lutheranism to become the country’s (and of course the city’s) official religion and the Evangelican Lutheran Church to be the State Church. It was King Christian III who ruled the country during this time. King Christian IV followed King Christian III, he was known to be Copenhagen’s “great builder and most prominent architect”. During his reign, many remarkable buildings and landmarks in the city were built, including the Round Tower, The Canals of Copenhagen, The Old Citadel, Rosenborg Castle, and the Old Stock Exchange among others.
Upon the start of the 19th century, during the reign of King Frederik VI, Denmark went bankrupt which saw it cede Norway to Sweden (for over five decades, Norway was part of the Danish-Norwegian kingdom). It was still under King Frederik VI’s reign that the “Folkeskole” (people’s school) was introduced. This educational act made free primary schools compulsory to children 7 through 14 years old. This act brought the country kicking back again and its evolution until the 21st century.
Another reason why many tourists love Denmark is its weather. Because it is mild and the climate temperate, it is always comfortable to stroll around the city. Unlike other European countries, the day and night temperatures in Denmark do not fluctuate, the same holds true in Copenhagen. However, the wind gusts and wind direction may also affect the weather and temperatures in Danish capital quickly.
Copenhagen is coldest during February where the temperature drops t 0°C (32°F); its warmest is in July where the temperature can reach 17°C (63°F). Rain is regular all-year round, thus, the city does not really have dry periods.
With its location in northern part of Europe, the length of day with sunlight greatly varies – something that is typical for Scandinavia. Days are shorter during winter where sunrise come around 8 am already and the sunset around 3:30pm. During summer, sunrise comes at 3:30am and sunsets at 10pm. Both the shortest ad longest days of the year in Denmark, are traditionally celebrated.
Having a favourable weather all-year round, there would be a lot of things a tourist can do in Copenhagen – whether it’s indoor or outdoor. This also means lesser clothes to really buy and prepare upon visiting the city. You can go wear your casual clothes on summer or put on a good jacket in winters.
You should also read our page about the best time to be in Copenhagen to compliment this page and kick you off your with itinerary going to the Danish capital.