One of the considered most fascinating and progressive countries in the world is Rome. Apart from that, not a lot of people know that Rome being the capital city of Italy is also the most populous among all the cities of Rome.
This is one of the Rome facts that undeniably is not so known to many. Rome as a country has a very interesting history and a progressive perspective in the future as it has remained extravagant and flamboyant in character.
Rome used to be the largest city in the world during the time of the powerful Emperor Augustus – this is one remarkable Rome fact. However, what plays more appealing are the following facts about Rome:
The Architecture of Rome
The greatest and probably the only standing great architecture lies in the bosom of Rome from the Ancient Rome to Medieval all the way up to the Fascist and Modernist architectures. When you visit Rome, you can get to witness with your two eyes the great structures that were built along with the different stories that connect these great pieces of work of art into what can be translated into the modern world.
The Music of Rome
Rome is considered one of the most romantic places there is the world. And what best compliment romance? It is music. Rome is the host of one of the oldest centers for music facilities which date back to 1585. This facility has been the house of great Roman musicians and artists. Rome prides itself about the beautiful translation of feelings and emotions into the universal language which is music.
The Diverse Ethnicity of Rome
Rome is considered a country with diverse ethnic groups. Rome is said to be largely dominated by its ethnic group, the Italians. The dominant ethnic groups come from Poland and Romania. Rome has also been the home for most Asians and Americans.
Things to Remember When Traveling to Rome
A lot of people who travel the world consider Rome as a perfect destination. However, not a lot of foreign people understand what is with Rome and how to make a wonderful and exciting trip to Rome. Below are some of the Rome facts that you should remember:
a. The climate in Rome is generally Mediterranean similar to what is experienced in the California State of the US and large parts of Western and Southern Australia. A Mediterranean climate is a climate that has summer which is basically hot and dry. If you live in a very cold country like Alaska, you can enjoy the summertime in Rome doing surfboarding and enjoying the sands on the beaches. During the wet winter, you can enjoy relaxing in Rome with all the snow and cold breeze in the morning.
b. The extensive transportation medium. Rome is said to be very highly advanced in terms of transportation. If you are planning to go from place to place, you can transport using rail or buses. There are also domestic airports that house very warm and friendly people who can assist you with your travel.
When you try to look at the various histories in the world, you cannot deny the fact that Roman history is one of the considered very interesting to note and to a certain degree very colorful and “cinematic”.
The wildly interesting history of Rome City has spanned for almost 3000 years. The founding of the city of Rome is accounted to have existed in the 753rd BC of April 21. The legendary name that was attributed to the great city of Italy was named after the great ruler, Romulus. Ancient Rome had its origins and history from the roots of Romulus and Remus.
The city of Rome has evolved into so many histories that have been properly accounted for and they are the following: the Legend of Rome which dates back to as early as the 8th century of the BC era; the Roman Republic and Empire Time which was the time when the new Republic of Rome came into existence (approximately 500 BC); the Medieval Rome which was largely dominated by the Barbarian and the Byzantine ruling; and the Modern Rome which was largely formed in the 15th century.
The history of the Modern Rome started when the ruler of Milan Duke Filippo Visconti signed a treaty of peace in 1433 with the ruler of Florence and Venice. It was not long after that Rome’s history was about to change.
It was exactly 14 years after the ruling of Visconti that the Renaissance period of Rome became evident part of the history of the city of Rome. Under the reign of Nicholas V, he allowed the entrance of scholars and artists as part of the Roma court. This move of Nicholas V became a march of celebration when a great arrival of pilgrims all over Europe came to Rome.
During the World War II, the city of Rome was one of the highly spared cities from war damages when every country in the world was suffering the inflicted pains and cuts of the war, Rome was one of the few cities which recovered very easy and fast.
The initial fall of Rome to the ally made it not badly stricken by the war as the German troops declared it as an open city. The attempt to defend the city did not last long thus preventing any inflictions to be made to the city.
Today, Roman history has never had a full twist. The city of Rome is fully engaged in making the city one of the finest cities in the whole of Italy and the world. The ruins and historical landmarks of Rome dating back the early BCs have been remarkably preserved to ensure that the great history of Rome is well manifested in the present time.
People who plan to travel the city of Rome will still enjoy the vast history that it has ranged from the ruins of early wars to the highly maintained infrastructure and architecture that were built. But above all, people who travel to the city of Rome will have the experience to be welcomed by a very sweet, fun-loving, and warm people of Italy.
Rome and Christianity are viewed to be conflicting by some people due to the influence of the past. If you are a Roman Catholic you are surely aware of the importance of religion to the Romans before.
It is true, Christianity was then banned within the Roman Empire and Christians were persecuted for long years. In fact, Christians before were used as a feed for the lions, which also served as a form of amusement in Ancient Rome. Originally, the message of Christianity was propagated by St. Paul within the Roman Empire, which eventually entered Rome itself.
Because of the condemnation to Christianity in the earlier times in Rome, the first converts faced tremendous difficulties. Once they were caught; they were immediately sentenced to death because they failed to worship the emperor. And the disgrace to Christianity was magnified when Nero ordered the Christians to be arrested and executed when Rome was burned down.
This is why Christians used to gather in a secret place to escape the dangers brought by the Romans. Many of them usually held their meetings in underground tombs since these locations are plainly out of sight. But since the number of Christians continues to grow throughout the year; this was already made legal by Emperor Constantine in 313 AD.
After Christianity was legalized, Christians were able to worship freely. And it was in 391 AD when worship to other gods was made unlawful.
Essentially, Rome and Christianity are not really conflicting with each other—especially this time. Many people are now aware that the true meaning of Christianity is a Christ-centered living, which focuses on the life and teachings of the Son of God, Jesus Christ. Hence, becoming a Christian is simply becoming a follower of Christ.
This time, in fact, you can see that Christianity is promoting a return to Rome. As was said by many scholars, the future depends on the past. It is because of this why Christianity today is relating to the early church as it moves near to the 21st century.
If you want to acquire more knowledge about the pacing of Christianity back to the past, you can refer to the writings of Associate Professor of History of the Church Chris Armstrong and Christianity Today Author Mark Galli.
Also, you may learn about this issue if you will take the chance to travel to Rome. Like Martin Luther who went to Rome before gaining spiritual strength; you can also go to the same place to learn more about Rome and Christianity.
Of course, as you go to Rome, you may also include in your affair a tour around the place. In that simple way, you can trace back the contemporary stand of Rome on Christianity by observing the people and by tracing its history through the artifacts presented in the place.
Surely, you will go back home bagging with your fulfillment as you see in a closer view the actual setting of Rome and Christianity these days.
Cosmopolitanism is a typical characteristic of Roman people. You will not find it difficult to adjust to the culture and habits of the city residents. They are very modern and enjoy the luxuries of the Eternal City.
Cultural tolerance is dominant in the city. So no matter where you come from, the people of Rome will warmly welcome you in the city.
Customary Greetings of the People of Rome
The citizens of Rome are very showy with their emotions and feelings. You can notice this in their habit of greeting acquaintances, friends, and even strangers.
If you are in Rome, you will be welcomed by warm hugs, especially from friends. Profuse handshakes are also common when you meet someone for the first time.
Friendly Neighborhoods in the City
A typical neighborhood in Rome is not so different from other neighborhoods in other global cities. The big difference is the citizens of Rome seem so oblivious of the presence of thousands of tourists in their streets.
You will instantly feel that they consider you as part of their life. They go about their daily lives and greet you warmly when you pass by their houses.
Youthful People of Rome
If you want to feel young again, then you have to visit this magnificent city. There are lots of young people in Rome.
If you want to experience the vibrancy of youth, go to the Spanish steps at night. The Piazza di Spagna will be full of young artists, students, bohemians, and adventurers who are enjoying the nightlife of Rome.
Some are simply sitting at the Spanish Steps to watch other people pass by. Roman people-watching is a common past time of the young crowd at the Piazza di Spagna. You can join them and enjoy the simple life of the young people of Rome.
No Language Barrier
Italian is the principal language of the people of Rome. English is a second language and most citizens of the city can speak and understand it.
So you will never experience difficulties in communicating with the local Roman residents. Everyone will be able to understand you and speak with you.
In most restaurants and shopping centers, the waiters and sales personnel are multilingual. In fact, it is not surprising to see a German tourist conversing with a local Italian in English.
It is best though to learn some basic Italian language. A little knowledge of the local language will help you in some situations.
Rome People Love to Eat
The Italians are famous for their excellent culinary skills. This is also true for the local Roman residents. If you want to enjoy the traditional cooking of the Roman people, you have to visit the pubs and diners of the city.
Rome is one of the friendliest cities you can visit. Local residents of the city are very friendly and are always ready to give you a warm welcome. Indeed, Rome people are truly global and they know that their city is one of the centers of the world.
If you have a clear picture of Rome already; then, you will surely be interested as well to know something about the Roman government. Even if you do not dwell in Rome, it will be clever to orient yourself as to what kind of government they have and as to how their government operates—especially during the past.
Essentially, the Roman government was then considered as bicameral since this is composed of two houses—the upper house and the lower house. The former is composed of the nobles in the state; the latter on the other hand is composed of popular tribunes.
Actually, the same thing can be viewed as the Constitution of the United States. Their Congress was organized with the Senate and the President. And the people are always electing the members of the lower house of Congress, which is the House of Representatives.
So if you will see, the ancient government model of Romans has created an influence on other nations as well. In fact, even the legislative bodies of Canada picture the same form of government; Great Britain has the same bicameral legislature too. Often, other nations only use other names such as Great Britain, which term its upper house as the House of Lords.
Meanwhile, the Roman government bodies were ruled by a king when it was still a monarchy, from c. 753 to 509 B.C. However, their Etruscan kings were expelled when the Republic was established in 509 B.C. Romans decided to have a mixed form of government, which is composed of three branches after they have observed the problems of monarchy including aristocracy and democracy.
The three branches of Roman government are the following:
Consuls: The Roman Government’s Monarchial Branch
This is made up of two consuls or magistrates with absolute civil and military power in Republican Rome. They normally stay at the office for a year and then become senators for the rest of their lives. Every consul is privileged to lead the army, act as a judge, perform religious responsibilities, and sanction the other.
Senate: The Roman Government’s Aristocratic Branch
Since senatus means a council of elders, the senate served as the Roman government’s advisory branch. Senate is actually composed of almost 300 citizens who stay in the position for the rest of their lives. The positions of the Senate were originally taken from former consuls and other officials who are serving for life.
Assembly: The Roman Government’s Democratic Branch
There were actually two assemblies—the Assembly of Centuries and the Assembly of Tribes. The Assembly of Centuries was composed of the elected consuls and the entire members of the army. Meanwhile, the Assembly of Tribes was composed of the entire citizens who approved and rejected laws.
There are actually a lot more things you can learn about the Ancient Roman government such as its former rulers and how they created an influence on the contemporary government of Romans as well as to other nations. If you want to know more about these facts, all you have to do is go to the sites that feature reliable facts about ancient Rome if you don’t want to invest an amount on expensive books.
Just as it is when visiting a foreign country, the people in Rome would appreciate it if you would at least try to learn their lovely language which is Italian.
The good thing about visiting Rome or any part of Italy, for that matter – is that when they see that you are having a hard time communicating, they will try to reach out to you the best way that they can!
Also, there should be a lot of Italians who are fluent in English, especially on the main tourist spots in Rome.
Why Learn Italian?
Even if you are not set out to visit Italy in the near future, remember that Italian is a lovely language to learn. As long as you start with the basics, your future trip to Rome will definitely be more memorable if you will learn how to speak Italian.
Now, here are a few tips that will help you break the language barrier if you are an English-speaking tourist in a non-English speaking country like Italy:
1. Always carry a phrasebook with you.
2. Prior to visiting Rome, make sure to check out the websites which offer a translation of some of the most common phrases that you need to get by in Italy – and study them.
3. You can even visit websites which allow people of different languages to help each other out. When you find an online friend and you find the time to visit Italy, you just might have someone who is willing to teach the language to you.
Learn Italian: A Crash Course on the Most Useful Phrases when Visiting Rome
So what are the most common Italian phrases that you need to learn? Take a look at the following Italian phrases and their English translation:
Arrivederci! – Goodbye
Buon Giorno – Good day or good morning.
Buono sera – Good evening.
Ciao! – Hello or goodbye.
Come si dice in Italiano? – How do you say (phrase) in Italian?
Che cosa ha detto? – What did you say?
Come stai? – How are you?
Grazie – Thank you.
Ho capisco – I understand.
Non-parlo Italiano – I don’t speak Italian.
Mi chiamo – My name is…
Non parlo Italiano – I don’t speak Italian.
Non so – I don’t know.
Parli Inglese? – Do you speak English?
Per favore – Please.
Puo aiutarmi? – Can you help me?
Prego – You are welcome.
Scusa – Excuse me.
Sto bene – I’m fine.
Sono di – I am from…
Va bene. Okay.
Did you know that there are almost 60 million native speakers in Italian? This means that from Rome to the Vatican City to San Marino to the tiniest, quaintest little towns in Italy, the native tongue is still the ruling language – so it would really help if you will learn at least the basics of Italian.
Aside from visiting the Eternal City which is Rome, part of the unforgettable experiences that you will have on your trip is when you learn the Italian language – so clear up your schedule at work and plan a vacation to the city soon!