Tallinn’s Facts That Every Traveler Must Know

The capital of Estonia is known for its beautiful old town that has survived a long history of raids, invasions, and occupations, and retains its medieval charm up to the present day. One of the most charming cities in Europe, Tallinn is a heady mix of medieval and modern, with narrow streets and cobbled together under the towers of 14-century churches, and a wild mix of restaurants, cafes, boutiques, and nightclubs hidden on the walls of carved stone. The World Heritage of the Old Town is full of distractions, even the most ambitious itinerary.

Despite the great art museums do not exist, there are some gems that illuminate both the past medieval Tallinn and its long gray days under the Soviet yoke. The color is not limited to the art world. The flair of the streets is decidedly fashion-forward, with boutiques in Tallinn inscribed with the increase of the designers of Estonia. This contrasts with the traditional craftsmanship of glass blowing, weaving, and pottery, which make Tallinn such a shopper’s paradise.

Tallinn cafe culture is hard to match. Art-Deco pastry, lobby inviting with candles and breezy courtyards illuminated by the sun is the settings for strong coffee and people watching are a good prelude to the attractions of the city restaurants and bars. The decline of the Old World dining rooms, charming wine cellars, and restaurants provide the backdrop of the exquisite dishes from all corners of the tasty world.

Tallinn nightlife rages until morning, with steamy clubs, slinky lounges, expatriates bars, and colorful gay clubs, all hidden inside the walls of the Old City. Culture lovers can satiate yourselves with choral concerts, recitals, theater (human or puppet) and plenty of pop, rock, and jazz.

Outside the medieval quarters, there is much to see. Delve into the past at Peter the Great’s Kadriorg Palace, a Baroque masterpiece surrounded by idyllic forests. Or when the summer sun arrives, make like a local and head of Pyrite or Vana-Jõesuu for a piece of the action on the beach. There are also islands off the coast and an old military base. There are many you will find many more to discover in this vibrant city.

Location: Tallinn, Estonia’s capital, is located in Northern Europe in the northeastern part of the Baltic Sea region. Area of ​​Tallinn – 159.2 km ² (Estonia 45 227 km ²).

Population:  Approx. 410 000

Language: Estonia’s official language is Estonian. Russian, English, Finnish, and German are also widely understood and spoken.

Nationalities: Estonian 54%, Russians 36%, Ukrainians 4%, Others: 6%

Time: Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone; GMT+2, In summer; GMT+3 from 29 March to 26 September.

Currency: Estonian Kroon (EEK)


It is not easy to determine the beginning of the history of Tallinn. The location probably attracted attention as a suitable port area long before the first written mention of sources to an agreement there, but all historians have are the archaeological data. The first traces of settlements in the territory of Tallinn today come from the basin of the river Härjapea at Keldrimäe but these cannot be directly linked to the city.

When the famous Arab geographer Al-Idrisi completed his famous world map in 1154 marked the modern port of Tallinn, the story of human settlement here since 3100 years has been formed.

The first known human presence here, on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, refers to the second millennium BC. Modern scientists believe that the first people here began the history of Finnish-speaking tribes.

The city called Tallinn today is grown as an important crossroads of trade relations between Russia and the Scandinavian countries. Under the rule of the Crusaders from the North in the Denmark Kingdom of the city was the main target for the expansion of the Teutonic Knights.

1219- As part of the Northern Cross, Valdemar II of Denmark heads the Danish fleet to Estonia. The Danish Army defeated the Estonians in the Battle of Lyndanisse. The Danes built a fortress on the Toompea hill, and rule Tallinn and North Estonia.

1285-Member of the Hanseatic League – a mercantile and military alliance of the German-dominated cities around the Baltic Sea.

1346-The Danes sold Tallinn along with their other land possessions in northern Estonia to the Teutonic Knights (German-based Roman Catholic religious military order). At this point, Reval (now Tallinn) was very well fortified with city walls and 66 towers.

1561– Tallinn political became a domain of Sweden.

1710- The Swedish army based in Tallinn capitulated to Imperial Russia. The local self-government institutions (the Magistracy of Reval and Chivalry of Estonia) retained their cultural and economic autonomy within Imperial Russia as the Duchy of Estonia.

1889- The Magistracy of Reval was abolished. The 19th century brought industrialization of the city and the port kept its importance. During the last decades of the Russification measures century became stronger.

1918- Independence Manifesto was proclaimed in Tallinn,  followed by Imperial German occupation and a war of independence with Russia. Estonia gained independence and Tallinna (Tallinn today) replaced the former German official name used Reval.

1922- The official spelling of the city’s name was changed from Tallinna to Tallinn.

However, on August 20, 1991, Estonia declared its independence and from that day the city leaves a bright with optimism and attitude. This city is very exciting to discover and beautiful surroundings.

Historically Tallinn was divided into 3 parts:

  • Toompea (Domberg) also known as the Cathedral Hill – Nowadays it is the place of government in Estonia, and many municipal buildings, embassies, and consulates.
  • The Old Town
  • The Estonian town – the place of settlement of Estonians.


Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of ​​159.2 km with a population of 413,290. Tallinn people enjoy spending their leisure time in numerous cultural centers, youth homes, schools, hobby schools and day centers for middle-aged and elderly. While not the most outgoing people in the world, the people of Tallinn are very friendly and kind. Global statistics show that people here go to the movies more than any other and read more books than anywhere else.

Estonians highly regard their families as the center of their social spheres. In urban areas, it is common for people living in nuclear families. People are living with extended families in rural areas, but there are exceptions. It is not uncommon for newlyweds to live with their parents for a few years until they can fully support themselves and move out.

A hierarchy exists in Estonian society, and people tend to respect their elders with age, position, and experience. People in Tallinn act very smoothly and quietly. You will gain more respect if you do calm and rational, like others in general, speak quietly and not draw attention to themselves.

The gifts are usually given for birthdays and Christmas. It does not take anything fancy or expensive. If you are invited to a house in Estonia, you should get something like flowers or chocolate. Arrive on time for your invitation and call ahead if you arrive late. Dress conservatively, and do not raise business matters.


Estonia has its own language, Estonian, which has about 1 million speakers. People who visit Estonia for the first time, you will probably find the language very unfamiliar. The reason is that Estonian only has some similarities with the Finnish language since both belong to the family of Fenno-Ugric languages, or more precisely, a Baltic-Finnish language. which has about 1 million speakers. The largest religion in this country is the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Estonia.


In terms of greetings, they are usually very formal and executed in a particular order. Younger people initiate greetings with their elders, and men initiate greetings with the women. The correct gesture upon greeting is to stand up, shake hands and make eye contact. The most common thing to say is “tere,” simply meaning “hello” in Estonian. People expect to be addressed in the titles, “Preili” which means Miss, “Prova” means Mrs. and “Harra” means Mr. These titles should be followed by their last name. First names are reserved for people who are very close, so you should wait for this to be invited to address people that way.


The Tallinn Weather is classified as temperate oceanic and is very similar patterns with the rest of Estonia. Weather in Tallinn is characterized by warm conditions that prevail in most of the summer season, while in sharp contrast to the harsh patterns dominate the long winter season. Another aspect of time Tallinn is the clear distinction among the four seasons: in general, winters are very cold, short springs and rain, summers are typically hot and long autumns.

Summer temperatures can reach 30 °C, but the average values ​​usually found in a 17 °C, while winter can drop to -4 °C. The best time to visit Tallinn is the summer when days are longer and warmer.

One of the best-preserved medieval cities not only in Estonia but also in Europe, Tallinn is located in the Baltic Sea. Understandably, the location of the city has a huge influence on weather patterns of Tallinn, subjecting it to the sea breeze and humidity. Due to its northern latitude, daylight saving hours are significantly longer, extending to 19 hours. At the other end of the spectrum, only in winter even less experience than a meager six hours of sunlight per day, and as result darkness prevails. What this effectively means is that the day during the summer season seems to never end, while in winter it feels inadequate.

Despite the prevailing cold winter, snowfall is anything but abundant. However, on the occasion, because of the snow in effect, covering the landscape under its white blanket of nearly constant thickness between December and March.

Tallinn weather – Long summer days- 
When deciding when to go to Tallinn you should consider the type of atmosphere you want to find. Summer is by far the most popular time to visit Tallinn. Summer brings a festive atmosphere to the city, but also a lot of tourists. Perhaps the best time to visit Tallinn, if you want to avoid the biggest crowds of May, June, and September, when the average maximum temperature in Tallinn is 15 º – 20 º.  Be sure to bring warm clothes for the evenings. Even in summer, you can feel quite cold at night. North of the city is another factor to consider when deciding when to visit Tallinn. The summer months in Tallinn enjoy exceptionally long hours of daylight.

Tallinn weather – Mild summers and cold winters- 
Summer in Tallinn is pleasant without being particularly hot. The average maximum temperatures of summer are around 20 degrees in June, July, and August. Tallinn temperatures can occasionally go higher, but the capital of Estonia will not compete with the Mediterranean. While the summer weather Tallinn never compete with southern Europe, temperatures are ideal for walking and sightseeing. Tallinn is quite a lot of rain. Rainfall is spread throughout the year and actually peaks in the summer. Mean, winter temperatures are low, often exacerbated by the breezes of the Baltic Sea. January and February are the coldest months.

Tallinn weather – Magical snowy winters- 
Precipitation is lower in the winter, and this may be snow. While winter weather in Tallinn is certainly very cold, you may prefer to Tallinn in the snow than in the rain. Winter holidays in the city of Tallinn is very cold. From December to March expect temperatures below zero. However, time can be magical in winter of Tallinn, with its picturesque cobbled streets covered with snow. Winter can be a fun time to visit Tallinn.


Estonia is a European jewel that excites the palette of travelers and expatriates. Estonia is definitely the place for the expatriate adventurer who wants to return to nature. Apart from the many natural attractions in the continent, Estonia has many remote islands off its coast.

Tallinn, Estonia’s capital, is a magnificent city with its medieval architecture and a relaxing atmosphere with quaint cafes and restaurants. It must say, the public transport in Tallinn is perfect. There is a good network of bus routes wide across the country that offers reliable, low-cost travel in the towns and cities and across the country.

Sport loving ex-pats will be pleased to know that Estonians love their sport, including cricket, badminton, tennis, swimming, football and ice hockey. You maybe want to have a nightlife, socializing, and other particular activities you may be interested in, from fitness centers to golf courses.

With foreign investment in Estonia during the last decade, the telephone service has improved greatly and there is a large system of fiber optic cable that transmits telephone, television, and radio in digital mode.

Driving in Estonia can be a very pleasant experience without haste and without complications. With it being such a small country, you can drive from one end of the country to another in half of a day. There is that wonderful feeling of space and freedom, which passes through beautiful lakes and virgin forests.

Life in any new city is always exciting, but it is also difficult and challenging. There are many practical details: where to live and where to buy food, how to open bank accounts and change a driver’s license, and so on. And Tallinn can be particularly difficult, where the language, customs, and rules are probably quite unknown. Even for experienced expatriates, it is overwhelming at times.

The expatriates relocating to Tallinn often choose the option of apartment rental service as a comprehensive solution and the best way to feel at home in Tallinn when reaching the city. If you have lived in Tallinn for a while, then you know how useful the services can be.

An expatriate is someone temporarily or permanently residing in one country and culture other than that of the person’s upbringing or legal residence of the person. Expatriates from around the world join our events to meet others in real life, share valuable tips and just have a good time.

Real Estate

Buy real estate in Tallinn, Estonia promises to be an excellent investment for smart people. The city of Tallinn has affordable home prices and home loans. This is one reason that is making the demand in real estate in Tallinn be on the rise at such a fast rate. Demand for property and rental houses outdoes the supply by far in Tallinn city.

There is an enormous amount of information available on real estate, but many of them not in a central location. Estonia once again tops the list of real estate markets around the world in terms of annual growth, the capital of Estonia, Tallinn grew by 17% in the first quarter of 2006 on top of record growth year’s annual gone up from around 50%.

Tallinn in particular – has a property market that moves very quickly where home sales can be completed, and again closed and done within just two weeks flat with the average house purchase and transfer process taking up to a month.

Part of the reason for the speed at which completes the sales process is that some people buy property in Estonia that is already homeowners and so the buyers are not in a chain and can move more freely.

For foreigners who plan to buy in Estonia, it is advisable to hire a good lawyer who speaks English, who has experience in real estate. Buying or selling a home is stressful – the more information you have about the process, the more confident you will.

And when you consider a place in Tallinn where you want to invest in a new home, such as a house, apartment, penthouse or a villa, then you should ask yourself where you would like to live in Tallinn. When you buy a house or villa in Tallinn, you are buying the land and as well the property that was built on the land.

Of course, the property in Tallinn will deteriorate with the years but the land the property was built on maybe of greater value, then its original value, so the more land you get when you buy a house or villa in Tallinn, the more it will be worth in the future. Land in Tallinn will always have value.

Pindi Kinnisvara: Estonia pst. 15, tel. 610-3900
Aviso: Tartu mnt. 62-2, tel. 637-3826
Kaanon: Endla 6, tel. 665-9585
Kinnisvaraekspert: Rävala pst. 5, tel. 630-9440
Ober-Haus: Narva mnt. 53, tel. 665-9700


When it comes to moving large volumes or covering long distances, it is better to let professional movers in Estonia take over the process of the removal process. When moving in Tallinn also considers that learning the language and the local customs in Tallinn is needed. So, before moving to Tallinn, it might be a good idea to take a basic course in the Estonian language in order to communicate better in your new country.

Some Tips when moving in Tallinn

Prepare your move for 3 months in advance. You may have to obtain visas, work permits or vaccines, or cancel services that require a notice period. Make a list of all you need to do. Being well organized will help the movement easier.

Emotional Needs – If you are undergoing a relocation, be sure to attend the needs of each of your family member. It is not normal for children to be subjected to a drastic change in climate and environment, so do the necessary discussions and mindset.

Meet new friends and acquaintances. It would be difficult if the family does not have the correct orientation of the culture and norms of another society so that before the relocation, do a little research about such ideas.

Sort through your belongings. Choose the products you want to carry with you in Tallinn and the assets you want to leave behind, by a friend or in a storage unit. But, it might be more advantageous to buy goods in Tallinn instead of bringing those goods with you.

Find out if your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance policy covers your belongings during transport.

It is important to arrange finances for quick cash to cover unexpected or emergency moving-related expenses.

Renting an Apartment or Buying a Home

You might also want to look into getting your new apartment or house before you move so that you are ready to go once you land. Moving abroad is a difficult situation for the family. Depending on your situation, of how much time you have, whether you can commit to buying a home and your personal lifestyle you will have to choose between a hotel, apartment, and corporate housing. Moving to Tallinn sometimes chooses the option to rent corporate housing as a flexible solution and the best way to feel at home in Estonia quickly when landing in town. For stays of a short period of time or an extended stay, the apartment is a good accommodation when traveling or settling in.


Many job options for work are vacancies in the fields of information technology, sales and marketing, accounting and finance and management science with attractive salary benefits in Tallinn. Growth industries and increasing trends have opened new jobs in Tallinn.

As an expatriate, you will need to find a job in a company whose working language is English. As you probably know, those jobs are not easy to find. There are so many of them, and the few that exist are mostly advertised on local web sites. It was difficult and frustrating it can be, to try to find a job remotely as a foreigner.

Most of us work to live. Whether by choice or by necessity, we spend many hours each week, working for someone else. The choice of being a good employee will affect you, your colleagues, your boss, and your family. The development of skills necessary to be a good employee is as simple as the formation of a few good habits.

Think about what skills are more proficient in the position you are applying to. Public speaking, project management, team leadership, and software are often helpful. Find some books and upcoming conferences that would significantly improve your capabilities.

Characteristics of a good employee include certain features that will probably make them more successful. Employees with strong work ethics also make good employees.

Most Skills Required in Tallinn

Finnish native speaker or excellent knowledge both spoken and written. Some want excellent English skills as daily communication is in English. Goal-oriented people with experience in broadcast sales and negotiation in an Internet environment. Strong sense of the quality of daily work, detail-oriented, taking initiative, enterprising and capable of running multiple projects simultaneously.
Appetite for entrepreneurial environments at a rapid rate, as well as curious and eager to learn continuously. When you apply for a job in retail management is necessary to have skills that are relevant to the field you want to work.

Most management positions require graduates who have worked in the retail area of ​​at least two years and have proven themselves as eligible by their hardworking attitude, dynamism in the results they are producing for the company. To keep up with changes in economic and market trends, managers need to keep up with the necessary qualifications and have the necessary training.

When Getting a Job

Tell the truth. Above all, be honest. Be on time. Keep your workspace tidy, be flexible, and have self-confidence.


Formal education in Estonia is very important and education is generally divided into two stages: the years of basic education and general secondary education.  Basic education is compulsory for all children in Estonia and is composed of 9-years of study from 7 to 16 years of age. The system of higher education in Estonia allows students to earn college degrees and professional higher education institutions and universities. Post-secondary vocational schools are also offering higher vocational education.

The general structure of higher education in Estonia is modeled graduate college in which the first level is to gain a bachelor’s degree and the second level is the level of acquisition of a master’s degree. There are some universities that use a very long cycle education system consists of programs of study with master-level qualifications.

All universities in Estonia have implemented the two levels (bachelor-master) in the structure of their curricula. The typical duration of bachelor’s and master’s degrees is three to four years. Doctoral studies are also offered at universities.

The Bakalaureusekraad, the first qualification in this structure, is awarded after 3 years of study; a Bachelor’s level. After graduating from Bachelor level programs, students can continue in the second cycle leading to the Magistrikraad. The duration of master’s level studies are usually 2 years but maybe only one year if the nominal length of a bachelor’s level program is 4 years.

The postgraduate research degree (doktorikraad) is awarded after completion of 3-4 years of study and research.

Applications to higher education in Estonia will go directly to the school in which you want to study.

Studying Abroad in Tallinn

International students have to complete the application procedure first in able to study at Tallinn Universities. Students who want to study in Tallinn also need a visa for entry to Estonia. You will have to apply for a temporary residence permit at the Estonian Embassy in your home country.

A temporary residence permit is valid for a maximum of one year and must be renewed at least 2 months before the expiry date at the Police and Estonian Border Guard Board, the identification card is issued to a student is a document, which indicates that a student is issued a temporary residence permit to study in Estonia.

Undergraduate level: You must have completed your secondary education or equivalent. You must be eligible for higher education in your own country.

Graduate students: Applicants for master education must have completed bachelor-level studies, and applicants for doctoral-level education must have completed master-level studies.


Worldwide, there are millions of people who speak English, but only one million speak Estonian. The language is part of the Finno-Ugric group and is related to Finnish and Hungarian.

Estonian is certainly not considered an easy language to learn for English speakers. However, do not be despair. With a little practice, you will soon find yourself able to get by in most everyday situations.

Why Learn Estonian?

There are several options why you want to learn Estonians. Therefore;

You will enjoy the challenge of learning Estonian- because, with fourteen different cases and unrecognizable vocabulary, Estonian should test even the most capable linguist. If you have studied other European languages ​​in the past, you may find it refreshing to learn one of those.

It sounds beautiful- Estonian, with its rich exotic vocal words and nearly edge-on, such as intonation, is without a doubt one of the world’s most beautiful-sounding languages.

It is Gratifying- The Estonians are enormously grateful for any attempt by foreigners who speak their language, which makes the practice of what you’ve learned a particular pleasure. Any trip or stay in Estonia, no doubt, will be enriched if you take the time to learn a little of the language before you go.

Advantages of Learning Estonian

To speak Estonian with confidence.
Interact more confidently when visiting Estonia or deal with Estonian citizens.
Making friends in the Estonian-speaking culture.
You will learn the true language of Estonian used by ordinary native speakers.
Getting used to the way native speakers speak in real conversations in Estonia.
Build rapport and strengthen relationships with contacts in Estonia through a sample of interest in the Estonian language and culture.

Some of the Estonian Basic Words

However, if you are visiting Estonia, you should learn something from this fascinating language, and it is perfectly possible to learn some common phrases without too much difficulty.

Hi! – Tere!
Hello – Tervist
Yes – jah
No – ei

Thank you – tänan
Excuse me – vabanda
Good morning – Tere hommikust
Good evening – Tere õhtust
Good night – Head ööd
Goodbye – Head aega
how are you doing? – kuidas sul läheb?
how are you? – kuidas sa elad?
I’m fine, thanks – tänan, hästi
what’s your name? – Mis on teie nimi?

If you have a powerful motivation to learn Estonian. You will enjoy studying and practicing it, and considering it you will enjoy learning new words. When you hear or read a new word you focus on it, and it’s meaning, and it comes into your memory permanently.

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