The city of Krakow was the capital until 1596 when Warsaw was established as the capital. The Polish capital, Warsaw is also its largest city with about two million inhabitants. Situated on the banks of the Vistula River, about 260 kilometers (162 miles) from the Baltic Sea and 300 km (186 miles) from the Carpathian Mountains. Warsaw is the capital of the resurrected Polish state in 1919.
Warsaw is the ninth-largest city in the European Union by population. Before the Second World War, the city was an important center of Jewish life and culture in Poland. Warsaw’s Jewish population before the war, more than 350,000 constituted about 30 percent of the total population of the city. Warsaw Jewish community was the largest in Poland and Europe and was the second-largest in the world, second only to New York.
“Warszawianka” is widely regarded as the unofficial anthem of Warsaw. Warsaw is also known as it recovered from damage during the Second World War (during which 80% of its buildings were destroyed), is reconstructed through the efforts of Polish citizens.
Warsaw has seen the worst of the world wars and was occupied by different periods of time by German troops. The city has seen a lot of destruction in those years and most of the architecture of a visitor that we see today is mostly built after the war.
For a city that was almost totally destroyed, Warsaw, today is the commercial and urban center of the country, emerging from the ashes of the devastation of decades ago. And, Warsaw is notable among the capitals of Europe for its size, age or beauty but for its indestructibility.
Warsaw has always been an exciting and busy city, vibrant with life now. Despite the many historical ups and downs, it never ceased to be a dynamic metropolis, western style, with many features characteristic of all European capitals. Its extraordinary character is best expressed by his youthful spirit eternal, though, its atmosphere and appearance is a mixture of old and new: it respects tradition, but quickly and resolutely move forward into the future.
Annihilated during World War II, Warsaw was rebuilt through the efforts of the entire nation. The Old Town – the historic center and heart of the capital – was restored to its former glory with such care that is now included in the World Heritage List.
Warsaw is not only home to the country’s administration, but also the center of most scientific, cultural, and art.
Warsaw, compared with other European capitals are very young. The first traces of human settlement appeared around 12,000 BC but the first time mentioned in a document that was in 1313 by Duke Ziemowit II. New Warsaw in 1408 and later founded New Town.
The capital was moved from Kraków to Warsaw in 1596 by King Sigismund III. It was the era that flourished in Warsaw. But being also brought new dangers and during the Swedish invasion in 1655, the city suffered serious damage. However, under the Saxon kings was generously rebuilt (late 17). In general, the Poles think of the 18th century as the golden age, when theaters and concert halls had a prominent place in the cultural life in Europe.
On this glorious occasion was completed by the Prussians, Russians, and Austro-Hungarian (1795) when they joined and divided the country. During the invasion of Napoleon in 1806, the inhabitants of Warsaw hoped for freedom but had to give up the desires of a sudden, when the Moscow campaign failed.
After the Congress of Vienna (1815), the Kingdom of Poland was established but remained under the Russian Czar. After the failure of the uprising in November, the state of the city returned to the status of a city and province of all Educational Institutions were closed. The situation changed with the beginning of the First World War when the Russians lost control over Poland. At the end of 1914, the Germans occupied Warsaw and stayed until the end of the war.
After Poland had regained its independence and Warsaw became the capital city’s position. But since the beginning of World War II destruction of the city had begun. The Nazi German attack was followed by deportations and executions. The terror was directed mainly towards the Jewish community was forced to live in a small ghetto. It was the Jewish population revolted in the first place: Rise of the ghetto in April 1943 ended with the extinction of the Jewish community in Warsaw. During the later course of the war strengthened the Nazi German pressure on Warsaw, but at the same time, the resistance in the city was growing. In August 1944, almost all civilians participated in the Warsaw uprising, which was a struggle for independence in Warsaw and throughout Poland. The uprising failed and Hitler ordered the destruction of the city and the surviving population was expelled. At the end of the war two-thirds of the population of Warsaw was killed or disappeared.
The city now is like a monument, rebuilt after the Second World War. The reconstruction of the old town was completed in 1953. In 1954 the city was closed to people who wanted to go there. In 1956, Warsaw has become 1 million inhabitants and the architecture of the city becomes a socialist-realist.
Today Warsaw is a place where people not only live in houses but where they also live in your memory, history, and culture.
The Polish people are very friendly and respectful of the customs of the ancient world. Having heard that Poland is a backward country, it was surprising to see so many people doing business.
The natives of this city have worked hard and took an active part in improving and promoting the economic situation and transform this great city a cultural center. Not only has it become a hot tourist destination but also people living in other Polish cities to visit this big city in search of better jobs, better education and of course a better lifestyle.
Traditionally, in Poland, a woman’s place was in the house, and his government in family matters was absolute. The Socialist government offered women opportunities for higher education and employment.
Women live in a male-society group working to change national attitudes. They are subject to domestic violence in the home and sexual harassment in the workplace. They also have less access to credit and employment. Very few women have reached leadership positions in politics, business and the professions. They are excluded from leadership in the Catholic Church.
Among peasants and workers, there is a strong patriarchal ideology and the husband tends to be regarded as superior and master. The wife is expected to make it clear that her husband is the head of the family. However, a man does not make important decisions without consulting his wife. In the upper-class families and intellectuals is a more egalitarian relationship, and a man highly values the opinions of his wife and a lawyer.
People tend to marry before the age of 20. Single women over 20 were considered subjected to public censure and ridicule. Both men and women expect to marry, have children, and have only one spouse for life. Marriage has always been seen as a sacred responsibility, and it is believed that the single or never married, cannot be truly happy and will have the difficulty obtaining salvation.
Traditionally, most marriages were arranged to improve the fortunes of the family. Love was not important. Formal divorce was difficult. However, one way out was for a partner to move, apparently to make money in a faraway place, and never returned.
There is great emphasis on being friendly and courteous. The men are expected to kiss the hands of the women and behave with decorum. An acceptable gift for women is an odd number of flowers, whether a woman is a recipient or presenter. Most men consider themselves judges of a drink, and men’s gift is the alcohol standard. Always drink from a cup, not directly from a bottle.
About 95 percent of people in Poland are Roman Catholics; with about 75 percent attend religious services regularly. The other five percent are Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and other Christian religions. Judaism and Muslims are the largest non-Christian religions.
Government Offices County
County government offices are facilities where elected officials, including commissioner of the local police and sheriff’s work each day. While these departments offer public information sites, which also help taxpayers with questions and concerns concerning your specific department. These are government offices and county policies are derived. In fact, there is a consul of elected officials to make many decisions affecting daily.
As you know, there are elected officials who work in various government offices and public services today. For example; a Department in charge of all records of public schools. There is a treasury department that deals with the county and/or budget. It is common for a manager or supervisor to oversee every government agency.
Another deals with the county department of parks and recreation services in your area. This means they are in charge of maintenance and rules and regulations of public parks. With respect to the court, county residents can visit this facility to learn more about state laws and judicial system.
The department of social security and health and human resources offices is also available. One way to learn more about a specific government office in your county is to contact them by phone. You may ask questions about elected officials, the local police commissioner, state parks, and school records for assistance. You can also visit the State Department in person to ask questions and get the answers you need.
VILLAGE BOARD OF TRUSTEES
The Board of Trustees of the people is the main legislative body of the Village of Warsaw.
They are responsible for the department of works, fire, police, sewer, water, and garbage of the village. View member information, agendas and minutes of meetings.
The Board consists of 5 members: a Mayor and four Directors. Members are elected officials who serve 2-year terms without term limits.
The Boards of Trustees meet twice a month.
VILLAGE ZONING BOARD OF APPEALS
The Village Zoning Board of Appeals reviews and grants applications for the use of variations in the village.
The Board consists of 5 positions: 1 Chairman and 4 Members who serve for 5 years. These positions are appointed by the Board of Trustees of the Village.
The Zoning Board meets once a month.
VILLAGE PLANNING BOARD
The Village Planning Board reviews site plans for permitted uses in the village.
The Board consists of 5 positions: 1 Chairperson and 4 Members who serve for 5 years.
These positions are appointed by the Board of Trustees of the Village.
The Planning Board meets as needed.
Village committees are comprised of members of the Board of Trustees of the Village.
Poland is one few attractive today when it comes to investments. No joke. International rating agencies, fund companies, and investment banks are praising the Polish economy is doing better than most other economies.
It’s time to shine Poland and investors are flocking to the countries of Eastern Europe or else they have tried to adapt to the rapid expansion of the umbrella of the country to the world community starving. But would not it be a shame if it did not fly, wearing only a handful of Polish vocabulary?
Polish uses a unique alphabet, but you don’t have to bother with it at first. Spoken language is sufficient. It is enough to help you navigate through a crowd or in the center of Warsaw, making connections between entrepreneurs and local authorities, and enjoy the cultural delights of the country better.
You will be amazed by how much you pick a course in Warsaw. An immersion course in Poland is, of course, ordinary language. You will not only be directed through a textbook but instead will live, and learn with your teacher to immerse fully yourself in the language and the fascinating culture of Warsaw.
Online foreign language courses are becoming popular for practicable reasons. They are cheaper than hiring a personal language instructor, more fun, interactive practice than a textbook, more flexible time program in the classroom, and you can actually download some of these online courses to pass your wife or husband, children or who cares to learn new languages.
Included in these courses are online tutorials in the forms of the language e-books and conferences, and online courses that are available in audiobook format. While online conferencing is more like the gizmo translator, the language of audiobooks, especially those using the Pimsleur method, is generally recognized as having a more effective approach.
This method is unique and intense. Learning Polish will have you thinking such as speaking in no time at all and once you think in a different language, you find that you can progress at a rapid pace to accelerate really your language skills.
Pimsleur Polish language program allows you to have complete control over your learning. You set the pace, you decide when to listen to the audio modules. You just download the audiobook, after paying the fee by debit card or credit card, and then you can have it for good.
It is more convenient on your part. You do not have to set or reset your schedule for your conference or next lesson language translation. You will not have any hassles of the same nature when you have the audiobooks. Just listen to the show to your iPod, Pocket PC or smartphones.
In this case, you will make more use of your ears and lips. And that means you are taught conversational Polish, so you do not have to worry about the “strange” alphabet and the pronunciation of certain consonants. Then he speaks (better known as Pope John Paul II) Karol Wojtyla the mother tongue of Poles regularly do.
However, remember that Poland is one of the most difficult languages in the world. The audiobook offers not only the complete set of Polish grammar lessons, vocabulary and other parts of speech but also the right to have a reasonable option, especially when you feel like Polish suspends classes.